Ives No. 1 Windup Toy Steam Engine Locomotive
This is a windup clockwork motor driven steam engine made by Ives Manufacturing Co. founded
as a toy maker in Bridgeport, Conn. in 1868. This engine is an Ives No. 1 and is made of cast iron and has a patent date stamped on the motor frame of April 4, 1911. The patent date is shown in the pictures below:
The number 1926 is stamped below the patent date. This is probably the date of manufacture.
The engine is 6 1/2 inches long, is O gauge, and will run on my post-war 3-rail Lionel O-gauge tubular track. The motor requires a 3mm clock key to wind the spring motor. After it is wound up, the train will run smoothly around a track loop. The engine with the clock key attached is shown below:
The motor is powered by a mainspring (similar to a clock mainspring) wound by the key attached to the square shaft shown above. As the spring unwinds, it drives a series of gears, one of which has a "governor" of sorts attached to regulate the speed. The mainspring, gears, and the governor can be seen in the picture below. The governor is the small coiled spring on the right between the two wheels. The
square winding shaft can be seen at the top center of the picture above the motor frame.
The motor has a brake that prevents the mainspring from unwinding until the engine is placed on the track and ready to go. The brake presses against one of the gears. The brake can
be seen in the picture above. It is the horizontal silver "bar" between the right-hand gear
and the lower frame. The brake is activated and released by pushing and pulling a lever
in the cab of the engine. This lever can be seen in the picuture below. The brake lever
is the loop extending from the cab between the engine and the tender.
The tender, shown above, is an Ives No. 11 and is a tin plate car made of two thin pieces of thin metal.
It has 4 wheels on 2 axles. The sides of the tender are marked N.Y.C. Lines.
I have one Ives car for this train. This car is shown below.
The car is a livestock car, Ives No. 65. It also is a tin plate car with lithographed lettering on both sides saying Live Stock Transportation. The lettering has railroad markings of N.Y.C.& H.R. Other markings include capacity, class, and inside lenght (Yes, it is spelled wrong that way on both sides of the car! Look to the lower right of the door). The car has 4 wheels on 2 axles. I believe the car
supposed to have a door on either side; however, the doors are missing. The end of the car is shown below.
I also have an Ives No. 550 Express Service Baggage and U.S. Mail Car. The car is shown below.
The car is olive green with a dark green (and rusty) top. The side and end door opening have
no doors and the windows have no "glass".
The end of the car is shown below.
The train without the No.550 car is shown below.
Below is a brief history of Ives Manufacturing and its relationship with Lionel (from Wikipedia):
Ives was founded in Plymouth, Connecticut by Edward Ives, a descendant of Plymouth colony governor William Bradford. Ives' trains were made of tin or cast iron and initially powered by clockwork, but like later electric trains, some models could whistle and smoke. Although several conpetitor toy companies were selling electric trains at the time, Ives opted to remain with clockwork, partly because many U.S. homes still lacked electricity but Ives did make electric-powered toy trains in later years. In 1928, Ives was purchased by Lionel and American Flyer. In 1930, Lionel bought out American Flyer's share in Ives and closed the Ives factory in Connecticut, moving operations to Lionel's New Jersey factory. Lionel kept the Ives brand on the market through 1932, then repositioned Ives for 1933, branding its entry-level trains as Lionel-Ives, then dropped the Ives name altogether following that year.